“Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, today is a gift of God, which is why we call it the present.”
The last couple of months have tested us all. We have learned much on how the coronavirus can disrupt our lives. With the virus, new words appear in our daily vocabulary. Pandemic, epidemic, and endemic have become everyday terms we hear and see in the news. Let’s start with the term epidemic, which means a sudden spread of a disease to a group within a specific population and location over in a short period of time. For example, an epidemic results when several cases of influenza are reported for a small community during two consecutive weeks. Epidemiologists classify 15 or more cases of influenza per 100,000 people as an epidemic. The present coronavirus is considered a pandemic. An epidemic can expand and reach the pandemic status.
This has occurred with the coronavirus, which has migrated from an original source and spread from person to person across the planet earth. Of course, coronavirus is now considered a pandemic disease. Here the pathogen or virus rapidly finds susceptive hosts or persons that become infected. Coronavirus is difficult to control and predict. Future outbreaks are challenging due to the fact that the mode of transmission is via microscopic droplets from person to person. The next term is endemic, which means that the disease is prevalent to a specific geographic region. For example, malaria usually occurs only in the tropics. Thus, coronavirus is not an endemic disease. Let’s continue to follow the guidelines to contain the pandemic as we are daily reminded that we are living in an extraordinary time where a microscopic virus has the power to disturb our lives as never before.